Birthstones

Birthstones are precious materials that symbolizes the month a person was born. Some believe birthstones hold power and personality traits unique to the person born under a specific zodiac sign. Wearing your birthstone brings good luck, some say.

birthstones

January Birthstone– Garnet

Garnet brings purity, truth, faithfulness and friendship. Also, garnets occur in many different colors except blue. The gem comes in orange, green, purple, yellow, brown, black and even colorless.

February Birthstone – Amethyst

The amethyst is really beautiful. It ranges from a pale lilac to a deep, brilliant violet color and is said to bring good luck, stability and intuition.

March Birthstone – Aquamarine, Bloodstone

Aquamarine occurs in various shades of blue ranging from pale yellowish blue to deep shades of blue. It represents sympathy, trust, harmony and friendship.

Bloodstone occurs in shades of dark green with red, brown and multicolored spots. It represents knowledge.

April Birthstone – Diamond

Diamond is the most precious and most expensive gemstone. Additionally, diamonds are extremely luminous. Diamonds represent true love, passion and spirituality.

May Birthstone – Emerald

Emerald is green in color. Also, it symbolizes loyalty, faith, love and friendship.

June Birthstone – Pearl , Moonstone, Alexandrite

A pearl represents beauty, happiness, love and wealth. It is used to enhance personal integrity. It is the only gemstone created as a result of the biological activities of living organisms.

Moonstone come in a variety of colors, ranging from colorless to white, gray, brown, yellow, orange, green, or pink. Clarity ranges from transparent to translucent. Moonstone brings balance and protection.

Alexandrite looks green in daylight and reddish purple in artificial light. It represents positive self-esteem and is a good omen.

July Birthstone – Ruby

The ruby is famous for its brilliant red color which symbolizes wealth, wisdom, love and passion.

August Birthstone – Peridot, Sardonyx

Peridot is a sparkling pale green color. It occurs in lime, yellowish green, olive green or medium dark green hues. It represents power, influence, healing and understanding.

Sardonyx is a type of onyx in which the colored bands are sard (shades of red) rather than black. It is said to enhance willpower, integrity, stamina and vigor.

September Birthstone – Sapphire

Sapphire symbolizes clear thinking, wisdom, prosperity and beauty. Also, it comes in a variety of colors, like blue, yellow, pink, purple, orange, or greenish.

October Birthstone – Opal, Pink Tourmaline

Opal is available in almost every shade, from milky white to dark black. Also, it imparts hope and harmony.

Pink Tourmaline is gemstone of love and of friendship, and is said to render them firm and long-lasting.

November Birthstone – Topaz, Citrine

Topaz occurs in a broad range of colors: yellow, blue, pink, peach, gold, green, red, and brown. Also, it balances emotions and calms passions. It releases tension and gives feelings of joy.

Citrine is pale yellow to a madeira orange in all of its glorious golden and yellow colors. Also, it is believed to bring long life and fidelity and represents optimism and joy.

December Birthstone – Turquoise, Blue Zircon, Tanzanite

Turquoise ranges from sky blue through various shades of green to greenish and yellowish gray. Also, it is said to bring good health, fortune and peace.

Blue Zircon ranges from blue to vivid blue, pastel blue sky blue and bright blue. Additionally, it is said to bring wisdom, honor and riches.

Tanzanite occurs in sapphire blue, violet and burgundy. Also, it is know for knowledge and connecting one with the spiritual world.

Jewelry Care

When it comes to jewelry care, every piece of our jewelry is unique and at times needs special care to keep it looking its best.

Below are some care guidelines to help you keep your jewelry in its best condition.

General Care

Clean your jewelry as often as you can. Using a professional jewelry cleaning product that is non-abrasive prevents tarnishing.

Remove jewelry before taking a bath, showering, exercising, cleaning the house, swimming, outdoor work, makeup cosmetics and going to bed. Once removed, wipe your jewelry pieces with a soft cleaning cloth to eliminate the natural body oils.

Always try to avoid contact with any sort of chemicals‚ such as bleach and sea-salt water‚ hair spray, perfume‚ lotions‚ home cleansers etc. Note that chlorine will permanently damage, discolor and erode jewelry. It is strongly recommended that you remove all pieces of jewelry before using chemicals.

Jewelry can very easily tarnish when sprayed with perfume or hair styling products so it is best that your jewelry is the last thing you put on when getting dressed to leave the house.

Also, do not use toothpaste to clean jewelry, regardless what you may have heard.

Gold Jewelry Care

Keep your gold jewelry away from crude chemicals such as chlorine and cleaning detergents. This will reduce daily ware and lengthen gold’s shine. Store your gold pieces separately in soft pouch or cloth bags to protect them from the exposure to harsh elements. If you jewelry is heavy scratched and there is nothing you can do about it, Karenna offers a thorough re-polishing service.

Caring for Pearls

Pearls can keep their beautiful luster for many years, with the right care.Proper care of pearls is not difficult and is just a matter of remembering the basics that pearls are organic by nature, grown in water from living cells of a living creature. In other words they require moisture and do not like the heat so store them in a pouch away from any sort of heat. Never expose your pearls to water with chlorine.

Precious Metals

Of all precious metals, gold is the most malleable. This means that it can be worked for the longest amount of time without cracking. When flattened to 0.000005 inch (0.13 micrometers), gold becomes a thin foil, almost transparent to light. Gold is also the most elastic of all metals, meaning that 1 ounce (28.4 g) of pure gold can be drawn into a wire several miles (km) long.

Here are the precious metals explained:

Yellow Gold

Yellow gold is made by adding silver and copper to pure gold, and the more copper that is added, the redder the metal will become. The working properties of yellow gold vary depending on the percentages of the alloy.

Green Gold

Green gold is made with pure gold and 30 to 40 percent silver, cadmium, and zinc. This alloy is quite malleable and very easy to work with.

Gold Filled

The term gold filled does not refer to an alloy. It means that a thin layer of gold has been soldered or otherwise mechanically adhered to a layer of base metal, commonly brass or silver, and then drawn or flattened to a specific dimension.

Karats

In the United States, a measurement called a karat is used to specify the purity of gold. As shown in the table, gold alloys are organized into different karats based on their proportions of gold. Twenty-four-karat gold represents the metal in its purest form. Although it is has the richest orange-yellow color, 24-karat gold is also the softest gold. Eighteen- karat gold is harder and more durable than 24-karat gold. It is available in many colors and is easy to work with.

Both 14-karat gold and 12-karat gold are duller in color than the higher karats, but they are most commonly used in commercial jewelry in the US due to their relative cost. European countries do not allow the use of 14-karat or 12- karat gold in jewelry. Their measurement system, based on parts of gold per 1000, is detailed in table below. Different gold suppliers use slightly different alloys for making various karats and colors. We use the same gold supplier to maintain consistency in the color and character of the metal.

Fine Gold Percentage

Karat System

Carat Mark

European System

European Mark

100%

24kt

24ct

1000 parts

999

91.6%

22kt

22ct

916 parts

916

75%

18kt

18ct

750 parts

750

58.5%

14kt

14ct

585 parts

585

37.5%

9kt

9ct

375 parts

375

Diamond Guide

The Diamond Guide: The 4 C’s and more

Welcome to our diamond guide. A diamond is forever. While there is a lot of debate about how the diamond rose to prominence over other stones, diamonds are stunning. While the price range, the main reason the diamond has overshadowed all others is because it sparkles ALWAYS–dirty or clean, a diamond SPARKLES forever. 

Clarity, Color, Cut and Carat Weight determine the value of a diamond. The Diamond Trading Company developed the 4 C’s as a way to judge Diamonds.

CUT

Diamonds are cut into many different shapes, reflecting not only popular taste but proportions and quality of the rough stone. The most popular shapes include round, princess, oval, marquise, pear, cushion, emerald, asscher, radiant and heart. There are also over 200 specialty shapes available.

Cut refers to the angles and proportions that a diamond cutter makes in transforming a rough diamond into a polished one. The consistency and balance of these can greatly affect how the stone captures light and reflects it back to the eye: scintillation, brilliance and fire. Scintillation describes the flashes of sparkle that appear when light passes over a diamond.

CUT cont.

Brilliance is the amount of light reflected. Fire refers to the way a diamond disperses white light passing though it into the different colors of the rainbow. Well cut diamonds display more scintillation, sparkle and fire than average or poorly and command a premium price.

Karenna Maraj Jewelry believes cut to be paramount, and as such all our stones are rigorously vetted for brilliance and artistry. So whatever shape you choose, your stone(s) will dazzle.

CARAT WEIGHT

The size of a diamond is measured, not by its dimensions, but by weight. One carat, the traditional unit of measure for a diamond, is equal to approximately 0.2 grams. You may of also heard the weight of a diamond referred to in points. A point is equal to 1/100 of a carat; therefore, a 50-point diamond equals 0.50 carat. Diamonds of equal weight may appear slightly different in size, depending on their depth and proportions. Because they are quite rare, larger diamonds of good quality are more valuable. A better quality diamond is always best, whatever the weight.

COLOR

The most sought after diamonds are totally colorless and will have premium prices. White diamonds are discounted in price when more body color is present. The color scale for transparent diamonds runs from D-F (colorless), G-J (near colorless), K-L (faint yellow), to Z (light yellow). Completely colorless diamonds are rare.

Color Cont.

When diamonds are formed with traces of other minerals, rare and beautiful colors can result. Because of their rarity, colored diamonds are highly desirable and may be quite valuable. Fancy color diamonds can be intense yellow or brown in color (somewhat rare) and even pink, blue, purple, green or red (very rare). An intense pink or blue diamond can be among the most expensive. Out of all naturally occurring fancy color diamonds, red diamonds are the rarest and sometimes sell for millions of dollars.

d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
z+
Colorless Near colorless Faint Yellow Very Light Yellow Light Yellow Fancy

CLARITY

A diamond’s clarity is measured by the existence, or absence, of visible flaws. This is determined by the number, size, nature, and location of the internal (inclusions) and external (blemishes) imperfections. Even those seen only under magnification can alter the brilliance of the diamond and affect its value. Clarity levels begin with flawless and move all they way down to Included.

All gem-quality diamonds are rare, taking billions of years for nature to form them. While the four C’s helps you to identify the quality of the diamond you are purchasing, it is the combination of these four characteristics that determine a diamond’s rarity and value. And remember—beauty is in the eye of the beholder. A diamond can only be truly perfect if you think it is beautifully perfect for you!

We pride ourselves and guard our reputation for fair dealing, honesty, and service. Investing in diamond jewelry is an exciting but serious decision. We only work with conflict-free diamond providers.

Gemstones

Gemstones are fascinating objects. A gemstone is a pure and tangible concentrate of value, which never loses its appeal, whether as an ornamental object, a collector’s item, or simply an investment.

Gemstones – Beauty

Beauty is essentially a subjective concept. The appreciation of precious stones is commonly based on objective criteria, like the play of colors, color, transparency, and high reflectivity.

Gemstones – Rarity

Rarity too is a criterion which has more to do with the beholder than the beheld. It is connected to that part of human nature that prefers things that are hard to come by. Despite their intrinsic qualities, no one would wear rubies for ornamentation if they were as common as pebbles on the beach.

The remaining two properties—hardness and chemical resistance are truly objective because they are physical and chemical.

Gemstones – Hardness and Chemical Resistance

Hardness is essential to a gemstone as scratching of the surface or abrasion of the edges would spoil its appearance. Similarly, poor chemical resistance would eventually lead to partial disintegration, depriving the stone of value by destroying its brilliance.

A gemstone has both subjective and objective properties, fact and fantasy, fashion, superstition, and reality. Gemstones have defied the passage of time and will surely continue to fascinate future generations.