Enamel is a decorative technique in which a glass “paste” is applied to the surface of a metal–normally bronze, copper or gold. This glass composition adheres to the metal through fusion under very high temperatures.

Why are some enamels translucent & others opaque?

The color of the enamel and its degree of transparency depend on the metal oxides that exist in the glass and the temperature at which the glass melts and coheres to the surface:

“Harder”= fused at higher temperatures = more durable, more translucent
“Softer”= fused at lower temperatures = more fragile, more opaque

When & where did enamel technique originate?

The precursor to true enamel dates all the way back to the 15th century BCE with the ancient Egyptians, who, to ornament objects, used pieces of cut-glass in decorative patterns embedded in gold; however these substances were not fused together through the use of heat.

The first true enamel, using molten glass, can be seen on Greek gold jewelry that dates from the 4th century BCE. Since then, enamel has been used throughout history, by cultures all over the world, because of its colorful and lustrous qualities.

Jewelry Care

When it comes to jewelry care, every piece of our jewelry is unique and at times needs special care to keep it looking its best.

Below are some care guidelines to help you keep your jewelry in its best condition.

General Care

Clean your jewelry as often as you can. Using a professional jewelry cleaning product that is non-abrasive and prevents tarnish.

Remove jewelry before taking a bath, showering, exercising, cleaning the house, swimming, outdoor work, makeup application and going to bed. Once removed, wipe your jewelry pieces with a soft cleaning cloth to eliminate the natural body oils.

Always try to avoid contact with any sort of chemicals‚ such as bleach and sea-salt water‚ hair spray, perfume‚ lotions‚ home cleansers etc.

Jewelry can very easily tarnish when sprayed with perfume or hair styling products so it is best that your jewelry is the last thing you put on when getting dressed to leave the house.

Also, do not use toothpaste to clean jewelry, regardless what you may have heard.

Gold Jewelry Care

Keep your gold jewelry away from crude chemicals such as chlorine and cleaning detergents. These chemicals will cause erosion, discoloration and  shorten gold’s shine. Store your gold pieces separately in soft pouch or cloth bags to protect them from the exposure to harsh elements. If you jewelry is heavy scratched and there is nothing you can do about it, Karenna offers a thorough re-polishing service.

Caring for Pearls

Pearls can keep their beautiful luster for many years, with the right care. Proper care of pearls is not difficult and is just a matter of remembering the basics that pearls are organic by nature, grown in water from living cells of a living creature. In other words they require moisture and do not like the heat so store them in a pouch away from any sort of heat. Never expose your pearls to water with chlorine.